Table of Contents

VFR Operations — Terminal Radar Service Area (TRSA) Last updated: 2018-01-23

Apply TRSA procedures within the designated TRSA in addition to the basic services described Basic Radar Service to VFR Aircraft.


The only TRSA within ZLA is the Palm Springs Terminal Radar Service area

a.Inform the pilot when to expect further clearance when VFR aircraft are held either inside or outside the TRSA.

“{Reference: FAAO 7110.65 7-7-1 - 7-7-2}”


Separation


Separate VFR aircraft from VFR/IFR aircraft by any one of the following:

a. Visual separation.

NOTE-
Issue wake turbulence cautionary advisories.

b. 500 feet vertical separation.

c. Target resolution.

NOTE-
Apply the appropriate wake turbulence separation minima when required

“{Reference: FAAO 7110.65 7-7-3}”


Helicopter traffic


Helicopters need not be separated from other helicopters. Traffic information must be exchanged, as necessary.

“{Reference: FAAO 7110.65 7-7-4}”


Altitude assignments


a. Altitude information contained in a clearance, instruction, or advisory to VFR aircraft must meet MVA, MSA, or minimum IFR altitude criteria.

b. When necessary to assign an altitude for separation purposes to VFR aircraft contrary to appropriate altitudes for direction of flight, advise the aircraft to resume altitudes appropriate for the direction of flight when the altitude assignment is no longer needed for separation or when leaving the TRSA.

PHRASEOLOGY-
RESUME APPROPRIATE VFR ALTITUDES.

“{Reference: FAAO 7110.65 7-7-5}”


TRSA departures


a. At controlled airports within the TRSA, inform a departing aircraft proposing to operate within the TRSA when to contact departure control and the frequency to use. If the aircraft is properly equipped, ground control or clearance delivery must issue the appropriate beacon code.

NOTE-
Departing aircraft are assumed to want TRSA service unless the pilot states, “negative TRSA service,” or makes a similar comment. Pilots are expected to inform the controller of intended destination and/or route of flight and altitude.

b. Provide separation until the aircraft leaves the TRSA.

c. Inform VFR participating aircraft when leaving the TRSA.

PHRASEOLOGY-
LEAVING THE (name) TRSA,

and as appropriate,

RESUME OWN NAVIGATION, REMAIN THIS FREQUENCY FOR TRAFFIC ADVISORIES, RADAR SERVICE TERMINATED, SQUAWK ONE TWO ZERO ZERO.

d. Aircraft departing satellite controlled airports that will penetrate the TRSA should be provided the same service as those aircraft departing the primary airport. Procedures for handling this situation must be covered in a letter of agreement or facility directives, as appropriate.

e. Procedures for handling aircraft departing uncontrolled satellite airports must be advertised in a facility bulletin and service provided accordingly.

“{Reference: FAAO 7110.65 7-7-7}”